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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 12(2); 2006 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2006;12(2):132-141.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2006.12.2.132   
Factors Influencing Health Promoting Behaviors of University Students using Pender's Model
Hee Kyung Kim
Department of Nursing, Kongju National University 326 Okryong-dong, Kongju city, Chungnam, Korea. hkkim@kongju.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to supply basic data for a health promoting program and to elevate the level of it by examining whether university students' health promoting behaviors were related to health perception, health concept, self-esteem, perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers of action, perceived self-efficacy, activity-related affect, social support, preference, prior related behavior, and a plan for action. METHOD: Subjects were 192 university students in K city. Data collection method was a structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. RESULT: The most powerful predictor was previous related behavior (36%). Altogether previous related behavior, health status, a plan for action, perceived self-efficacy and number of admissions were proven to account for 57% of health promoting behaviors.
CONCLUSION
It suggested that prior related behavior, health status, a plan for action, perceived self-efficacy, and number of admissions should be considered when developing a students' health promoting program.
Key Words: Health behavior; Health status; Self-efficacy; University students


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