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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 18(4); 2012 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2012;18(4):312-320.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2012.18.4.312    Published online December 31, 2012.
Effects of Simulation-based Education on Communication Skill and Clinical Competence in Maternity Nursing Practicum
Hye Young Kim, Eun Ko, Eun Sook Lee
1College of Nursing, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Nambu University, Gwangju, Korea. koeun@nambu.ac.kr
3Department of Nursing, Chunnam Techno University, Jeonnam, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to examine the effects of simulation-based education on communication skill and clinical competence in maternity nursing practicum.
METHODS
This study used a non-equivalent control pretest-posttest design. The simulation-based education in maternity nursing practicum consisted of two clinical situation scenarios pertaining to patients with normal and high-risk deliveries. The control group consisted of 35 students in 2010 and the experimental group consisted of 35 students in 2009. The experimental group was given the simulation-based education using a high-fidelity patient simulator over 3 sessions, whereas the control group was given a conventional pre-clinical practice orientation before maternity nursing clinical practicum. Data were collected using a questionnaire, which included questions to assess communication skill and clinical competence. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0.
RESULTS
Members of the experimental group, who received the simulation-based education, showed significantly higher communication skill and clinical competence scores than the control group (t=-2.39, p = .020; t=-2.71, p = .009).
CONCLUSION
The simulation-based education in maternity nursing practicum is effective in promoting communication skill and clinical competence. With application of diverse clinical situation scenarios, it is recommended to develop and apply simulation-based education using a high-fidelity simulator in the area of maternity nursing.
Key Words: Patient simulation; Nursing students; Communication; Clinical competence; Maternity nursing


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