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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 17(1); 2011 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2011;17(1):77-87.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2011.17.1.77   
Contraception Behavior and Related Factors in Unmarried Female and Male
Shin Woo Hwang, Chae Weon Chung
1Seoul National University College of Nursing, Korea. sepochung2000@yahoo.co.kr
2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Korea.
This study aimed to identify differences in contraception behavior and related factors between unmarried female and male.
A cross-sectional survey design with a convenient sampling was used. From Seoul, 107 women and 96 men were recruited. A structured questionnaire was self-administered from July 14, 2008 to September 2, 2008.
The average ages of women and men were 26.9 and 27.8 years old, respectively. Fifty-six percent of women and 85.4% of men have experienced sexual intercourse. There were no differences between female and male in attitude toward contraception, subjective norm, and contraception behavior, while female had higher score of self-efficacy for contraception (p=.02) and intention of contraception (p=.02). There was positive correlation with subjective norm (r=.22, p<.05), self-efficacy (r=.53, p<.01) in male and attitude (r=.32, p<.05), self-efficacy (r=49, p<.01) in female. According to the result of multiple regression, the significant factor of contraception behavior was self-efficacy for both female (beta=.49, p=.00) and male (beta=.53, p=.00).
To improve contraception behavior for unmarried female and male, it is necessary to develop proper sex education program to enhance self-efficacy for contraception. Adjusted education program by this result will contribute to increase sexual health for female and male.
Key Words: Single person; Female; Male; Contraception behavior; Self efficacy

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