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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 24(3); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2018;24(3):310-321.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2018.24.3.310    Published online September 20, 2018.
Effects of Menstrual Self-management Education Program on Knowledge and Behavior of Menstrual Self-management in High School Girls
Jeonghye Min, Sukhee Ahn
1Health Teacher, Gowoon High School, Sejong, Korea.
2Professor, College of Nursing, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea. sukheeahn@cnu.ac.kr
To examine the effect of menstrual self-management education program on knowledge and behavior of menstrual self-management in high school girls.
With a randomized controlled trial, 100 high school girl students were randomly assigned into experimental group and control group. Menstruation self-management program was consisted of a total of four sessions of education program (1 hour of education per session). Control group only received the first class of education. Measurement tools were 20-item menstrual knowledge scale and 12-item women's genito-urinary hygiene scale. Pretest and post-test questionnaires were administered.
There were significant differences in menstrual knowledge as well as menstrual self-management behavior between the two groups. The experimental group showed significant improvement in both menstrual knowledge score (t=13.37, p < .001) and menstrual self-management behavior score (t=8.38, p < .001) than the control group.
Results of this study suggest that the monthly self-management education program is effective in increasing the knowledge of menstruation of female high school students and enhancing their performance. This program needs to be implemented as a part of high school's standard sex education. Further study is needed to analyze follow-up effects of the program on self-management behavior of students after at least one menstrual cycle.
Key Words: Menstruation; Self-management; Health education; Knowledge; Health behavior

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