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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 24(2); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2018;24(2):126-137.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2018.24.2.126    Published online June 20, 2018.
Effects of an Experience-focused Prenatal Program on Stress, Anxiety, Childbirth Confidence, and Maternal-Fetal Attachment on Women in Their First Pregnancy
Mira Park, Sunok Lee
1Department of Nursing, Mirero Woman's Hospital, Busan, Korea. solee@silla.ac.kr
2Department of Nursing, Silla University, Busan, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
To evaluate the effectiveness of an experience-focused prenatal program on stress, anxiety, childbirth confidence, and maternal-fetal attachment for women in their first pregnancy.
METHODS
The participants were 57 pregnant women at 32 weeks or more of a first pregnancy who agreed to participate in this study. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, t-test, χ2 test, and Fisher's exact test using the SPSS 21.0 program.
RESULTS
The experimental group showed significant differences in stress, anxiety, childbirth confidence, and maternal-fetal attachment from the control group.
CONCLUSION
The four-week experience-focused prenatal program can be used for women in their first pregnancy to reduce their stress and anxiety and to increase their childbirth confidence and maternal- fetal attachment.
Key Words: Prenatal program; Stress; Anxiety; Confidence; Attachment


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