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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 24(1); 2018 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2018;24(1):71-79.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2018.24.1.71    Published online March 20, 2018.
Factors influencing Human Papillomavirus Vaccination intention in Female High School Students: Application of Planned Behavior Theory
Min Hee Sung, Mi Hae Sung
1Dong-Eui Medical Center, Busan, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, College of Medicine · Institute for Health Science Research, Inje University, Busan, Korea. nursmh@inje.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify effects of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control toward Human Papillomavirus (HPV) on HPV vaccination intention in female high school students.
METHODS
Subjects of this study were female students aged 16 to 17 years, the optimal age group of HPV vaccination, arbitrarily selected from three high schools in B city. A total of 140 students agreed to participate in this study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
Attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control toward HPV were factors influencing HPV vaccination intention of subjects. Perceived behavior control toward HPV vaccination was the most influential factor. These factors accounted for 49% of HPV vaccination intention.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest a need to increase perceived behavior control to increase HPV vaccination intention. The government needs to establish a national policy system such as financial support for HPV vaccines and free vaccinations so that students are aware that HPV vaccines can be easily inoculated.
Key Words: Human papillomavirus vaccines; Attitude; Subjective norm; Behavior controls; Intention


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