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Korean J Women Health Nurs > Volume 20(4); 2014 > Article
Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing 2014;20(4):235-245.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4069/kjwhn.2014.20.4.235    Published online December 31, 2014.
Development and Evaluation of Multilingual Education Materials to Promote Immigrant Women's Adaptation to Pregnancy
Kyung Won Kim, Sung Hee Baik, Geum Hee Jeong
1Department of Nursing, Daegu Haany University, Daegu, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Baekseok University, Cheonan, Korea.
3Division of Nursing, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea. ghjeong@hallym.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was done to develop and evaluate multilingual education materials to promote health and adaptation to pregnancy for immigrant women in Korea.
METHODS
This study had three procedures: First, contents of the education materials were developed according to pregnant women's needs, literature reviews, and group discussion. Details in contents were constructed based on Roy's adaptation model; Second, validity verification and translation of education materials were accomplished; Third, evaluation of the education materials was done through a survey of immigrant women.
RESULTS
The education materials were developed in six languages (Korean, English, Chinese, Vietnamese, Filipino, and Cambodian). The title is "Healthy mother, happy family: eight-step guide to a healthy pregnancy". It was composed of an eight-step guide to healthy pregnancy, self-examination check list, websites for childbirth education and information, and guidelines on education materials in a brochure. In the evaluation, the average response score for the questionnaire items was high (3.23 on a four-point Likert scale). The average score for Cambodian immigrants was the highest of all immigrant women.
CONCLUSION
Multilingual education materials developed in this research will help community health nurses to manage pregnancies for immigrant women and will be useful for health education for these women.
Key Words: Emigrants and immigrants; Health education; Multilingualism; Pregnancy; Prenatal education


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